ניצולה: מרטה גורן לבית וינטר
Szulc, Józef Szulc, Anna Drzewicka-Szulc, Lidia
The Szulces, Polish Catholic aristocrats, had an agricultural estate near Czortków (Eastern Galicia). Fearing the schemes of the Soviet regime, which had annexed the area when the war began, the Szulces fled to Warsaw and joined the refugee families there.
The entire Szulc family, —including the parents, their three children, relatives’ children, and Helena Czaplinska*, their maid —moved into a small rented apartment.The Szulces did not thrive under wartime conditions in the great city and Józef was unable to find regular work. The family’s main source of sustenance was the farm produce that Anna Szulc and their daughter, Lidia, smuggled at great danger from the eastern territories and traded on the black market. In 1942, as Anna made one of her trips to Czortków, Netta Winter approached her and asked her to take her seven-year-old daughter Marta to Warsaw. The Szulces had known Marta’s father, a lawyer who had dealt with their properties and whom the Germans had murdered when they occupied Czortków. To move the Jewish girl to Warsaw, Anna sent nineteen–year-old Lidia
with an appropriate certificate for Marta, who, despite the congestion in their home, was greeted like a member of the family. As time passed, Marta was enrolled in school, learned to act like a Christian, and attended mass with Anna or the domestic. In addition to Marta, Roza Rozensztok found shelter with the Szulces. Rozensztok, daughter of the Szulces’ family physician, had no “Aryan” papers and had to hide in the apartment at all times. After she was provided with appropriate documents, she enlisted for labor in Germany under a false name and thus survived. In the course of 1944, the Szulces moved to Eastern Poland and entrusted Marta to Helena Czaplinska.
On February 22, 1989, Yad Vashem recognized Anna and Józef Szulc, and their daughter, Lidia Drzewicka as Righteous Among the Nation
מידע מתוך מאגר מידע של יד ושם